Module of wrapper classes.

Wrappers are a convenient way to modify an existing environment without having to alter the underlying code directly. Using wrappers will allow you to avoid a lot of boilerplate code and make your environment more modular. Wrappers can also be chained to combine their effects. Most environments that are generated via gymnasium.make() will already be wrapped by default.

In order to wrap an environment, you must first initialize a base environment. Then you can pass this environment along with (possibly optional) parameters to the wrapper’s constructor.

>>> import gymnasium as gym
>>> from gymnasium.wrappers import RescaleAction
>>> base_env = gym.make("Hopper-v4")
>>> base_env.action_space
Box(-1.0, 1.0, (3,), float32)
>>> wrapped_env = RescaleAction(base_env, min_action=0, max_action=1)
>>> wrapped_env.action_space
Box(0.0, 1.0, (3,), float32)

You can access the environment underneath the first wrapper by using the gymnasium.Wrapper.env attribute. As the gymnasium.Wrapper class inherits from gymnasium.Env then gymnasium.Wrapper.env can be another wrapper.

>>> wrapped_env
>>> wrapped_env.env

If you want to get to the environment underneath all of the layers of wrappers, you can use the gymnasium.Wrapper.unwrapped attribute. If the environment is already a bare environment, the gymnasium.Wrapper.unwrapped attribute will just return itself.

>>> wrapped_env
>>> wrapped_env.unwrapped 
<gymnasium.envs.mujoco.hopper_v4.HopperEnv object at 0x7fbb5efd0490>

There are three common things you might want a wrapper to do:

  • Transform actions before applying them to the base environment

  • Transform observations that are returned by the base environment

  • Transform rewards that are returned by the base environment

Such wrappers can be easily implemented by inheriting from gymnasium.ActionWrapper, gymnasium.ObservationWrapper, or gymnasium.RewardWrapper and implementing the respective transformation. If you need a wrapper to do more complicated tasks, you can inherit from the gymnasium.Wrapper class directly.

If you’d like to implement your own custom wrapper, check out the corresponding tutorial.


class gymnasium.Wrapper(env: Env[ObsType, ActType])[source]#

Wraps a gymnasium.Env to allow a modular transformation of the step() and reset() methods.

This class is the base class of all wrappers to change the behavior of the underlying environment. Wrappers that inherit from this class can modify the action_space, observation_space, reward_range and metadata attributes, without changing the underlying environment’s attributes. Moreover, the behavior of the step() and reset() methods can be changed by these wrappers.

Some attributes (spec, render_mode, np_random) will point back to the wrapper’s environment (i.e. to the corresponding attributes of env).


If you inherit from Wrapper, don’t forget to call super().__init__(env)


env – The environment to wrap


gymnasium.Wrapper.step(self, action: WrapperActType) tuple[WrapperObsType, SupportsFloat, bool, bool, dict[str, Any]]#

Uses the step() of the env that can be overwritten to change the returned data.

gymnasium.Wrapper.reset(self, *, seed: int | None = None, options: dict[str, Any] | None = None) tuple[WrapperObsType, dict[str, Any]]#

Uses the reset() of the env that can be overwritten to change the returned data.


Closes the wrapper and env.


property Wrapper.action_space: spaces.Space[ActType] | spaces.Space[WrapperActType]#

Return the Env action_space unless overwritten then the wrapper action_space is used.

property Wrapper.observation_space: spaces.Space[ObsType] | spaces.Space[WrapperObsType]#

Return the Env observation_space unless overwritten then the wrapper observation_space is used.

property Wrapper.reward_range: tuple[SupportsFloat, SupportsFloat]#

Return the Env reward_range unless overwritten then the wrapper reward_range is used.

property Wrapper.spec: EnvSpec | None#

Returns the Env spec attribute with the WrapperSpec if the wrapper inherits from EzPickle.

property Wrapper.metadata: dict[str, Any]#

Returns the Env metadata.

property Wrapper.np_random: Generator#

Returns the Env np_random attribute.


The environment (one level underneath) this wrapper.

This may itself be a wrapped environment. To obtain the environment underneath all layers of wrappers, use gymnasium.Wrapper.unwrapped.

property Wrapper.unwrapped: Env[ObsType, ActType]#

Returns the base environment of the wrapper.

This will be the bare gymnasium.Env environment, underneath all layers of wrappers.

Gymnasium Wrappers#

Gymnasium provides a number of commonly used wrappers listed below. More information can be found on the particular wrapper in the page on the wrapper type





Misc Wrapper

Implements the common preprocessing applied tp Atari environments


Misc Wrapper

The wrapped environment will automatically reset when the terminated or truncated state is reached.


Action Wrapper

Clip the continuous action to the valid bound specified by the environment’s action_space


Misc Wrapper

Provides compatibility for environments written in the OpenAI Gym v0.21 API to look like Gymnasium environments


Observation Wrapper

Filters a dictionary observation spaces to only requested keys


Observation Wrapper

An Observation wrapper that flattens the observation


Observation Wrapper

AnObservation wrapper that stacks the observations in a rolling manner.


Observation Wrapper

Convert the image observation from RGB to gray scale.


Misc Wrapper

Allows human like rendering for environments that support “rgb_array” rendering


Observation Wrapper

This wrapper will normalize observations s.t. each coordinate is centered with unit variance.


Reward Wrapper

This wrapper will normalize immediate rewards s.t. their exponential moving average has a fixed variance.


Misc Wrapper

This will produce an error if step or render is called before reset


Observation Wrapper

Augment observations by pixel values obtained via render that can be added to or replaces the environments observation.


Misc Wrapper

This will keep track of cumulative rewards and episode lengths returning them at the end.


Misc Wrapper

This wrapper will record videos of rollouts.


Misc Wrapper

Enable list versions of render modes, i.e. “rgb_array_list” for “rgb_array” such that the rendering for each step are saved in a list until render is called.


Action Wrapper

Rescales the continuous action space of the environment to a range [min_action, max_action], where min_action and max_action are numpy arrays or floats.


Observation Wrapper

This wrapper works on environments with image observations (or more generally observations of shape AxBxC) and resizes the observation to the shape given by the tuple shape.


Misc Wrapper

Modifies an environment step function from (old) done to the (new) termination / truncation API.


Observation Wrapper

Augment the observation with current time step in the trajectory (by appending it to the observation).


Misc Wrapper

This wrapper will emit a truncated signal if the specified number of steps is exceeded in an episode.


Observation Wrapper

This wrapper will apply function to observations


Reward Wrapper

This wrapper will apply function to rewards


Misc Wrapper

This wrapper will convert the info of a vectorized environment from the dict format to a list of dictionaries where the i-th dictionary contains info of the i-th environment.